executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: adopted 30 July 2018
legal system: mixed legal system of Islamic religious law, the French civil code of 1975, and customary law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: unicameral Assembly of the Union
judicial system: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (consists of 7 judges); Court of Appeals (in Moroni); Tribunal de premiere instance; island village (community) courts; religious courts
religion: Sunni Muslim 98%, other (including Shia Muslim, Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Protestant) 2%
death row: 7 (as of end 2017, according Amesty International)
year of last executions: 0-0-1997
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: