CHINA HAS SCALED DOWN DEATH PENALTY AND INCREASED CHECKS SINCE 2012, GOVâ€™T REPORT SAYS
June 14, 2016: China says that it hasÂ scaled down its use of capital punishment since 2012 andÂ second trials of death penalty cases have all been conducted in open courts. The countryÂ has also putÂ tighter checksÂ on the death penalty, according to a government reportÂ on its 2012-2015 human rights action plan.
An oversight office to review death penalty cases was established in 2012 in an effort to increase checks onÂ legal procedures related to the death penalty,Â according to the report, releasedÂ on June 14.
A criminal law amendment adopted last year cancelled the death penalties for nine crimes, reducing the number of crimes eligible for the death penalty from 55 to 46.
The nine crimes include smuggling weapons, ammunition, nuclear materials or counterfeit currency; counterfeiting currency; raising funds by means of fraud; arranging for or forcing another person to engage in prostitution; obstructing a police officer or a person on duty from performing his duties; and fabricating rumors to mislead others during wartime.
The government also announced on the same dayÂ that it is formulating its human rights action plan for 2016-2020, Chinaâ€™s third such national plan. (Sources: hongkongfp.com, 16/06/2016)