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IRAN. HANDS OFF CAIN, REDUCTION OF DRUG EXECUTIONS BUT NUMBERS REMAIN WORRISOME

February 15, 2019:

Hands Off Cain, in the forty years of the Khomeini’s revolution, makes known the death penalty figures in Iran in 2018.
There are at least 277 executions carried out in 2018, of which 89 reported by official Iranian sources and 188 cases reported by unofficial sources. The actual number of executions is probably much higher than the data provided in the Hands Off Cain dossier. Data show a decrease in the number of executions compared to 2017 (at least 544). To affect this decline, the law on the reform of drug traffic regulations, which came into force on 14 November 2017. In 2018, drug executions have fallen to at least 23 compared to at least 257 in 2017.
The crimes that motivated the death sentences were, in terms of frequency: homicide, 195 executions (about 63%); moharebeh (to make war on God), "corruption on earth", robbery and extortion: 32 (about 10%); drug trafficking: 23 executions (about 7%); rape: 23 (about 7%); political crimes and "terrorism": 13 (4%); in at least 10 other cases (3%) the crimes for which the detainees were found guilty have not been specified.
Hanging is the preferred method by which Sharia is applied in Iran.
At least 13 people were hanged on the public square in 2018 according to the official news collected by Hands off Cain, a number much lower than the 36 reported in 2017.
At least 5 women were executed (compared to 12 in 2017). Two of them were underage at the time of the supposed crime. With those of 2018, the women executed under Rouhani presidency rose to 86.
The executions of minors continued in 2018.This places Iran in open violation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which has also ratified. At least 6 alleged minors at the time of the act were executed.
In 2018, at least 10 people were hanged for essentially political events. But it is likely that many others executed for common crimes were actually political opponents, in particular belonging to various Iranian ethnic minorities, including Azerbaijanis, Kurds, Baluchis and Ahwazi. Those arrested, accused of being mohareb, ie enemies of Allah, are usually subjected to a rapid and severe process that often ends up with the death penalty. In addition to death, the punishment for Moharebeh is the amputation of the right hand and left foot, according to the Iranian penal code.
There is not only the death penalty, according to the dictates of the Iranian Sharia, there are also torture, limb amputation, flogging and other cruel, inhuman and degrading punishments. These are not isolated cases, and they occur in open contrast to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights that Iran has ratified and which prohibits these practices. Every year thousands of minors suffer whipping for drinking alcohol or having participated in parties with males and females together or outraging the public modesty. The Iranian authorities consider the lashes an adequate punishment to combat behaviors considered immoral, and insist that they be performed in the public square as a "lesson for the beholder".
In 2018, according to information from the Observatory on Human Rights in Iran, over 110 people were sentenced to flogging, and 11 of these sentences were carried out.
Furthermore, at least one case of limb amputation has been reported. The Observatory also estimates that during the protest that exploded in the country in January 2018, 8,000 arbitrary arrests would have been carried out, at least 58 people were killed and 12 among the imprisoned demonstrators were killed while undergoing torture.

(Sources, HOC, 14/02/2019)

HUMAN RIGHTS: DEMONSTRATION OF THE RADICAL PARTY BEFORE IRANIAN EMBASSY 14 FEBRUARY
INDIA: DEATH PENALTY TO MAN WHO RAPED 3-YEAR-OLD GIRL
BAHRAIN: TWO DEATH SENTENCES UPHELD IN TERROR CASE
DRUG OFFENCE EXECUTIONS MORE THAN HALVE IN 2018 AFTER IRAN REFORM
EGYPT: TWO MONKS SENTENCED TO DEATH
CALIFORNIA (USA): FREDDIE TAYLOR, 58, BLACK, FREED FROM DEATH ROW NEARLY 33 YEARS AFTER CONVICTION
EGYPT: FORMER VICE-PRESIDENT CALLS FOR ABOLITION OF DEATH PENALTY
SOMALIA: MILITARY COURT SENTENCES SOLDIER TO DEATH FOR KILLING CIVILIAN
INDONESIA: SOUTH SUMATRA COURT DELIVERS DEATH PENALTY TO NINE DRUG DEALERS
PAKISTAN: MAN AWARDED TWO TIMES DEATH SENTENCE
BANGLADESH: MAN SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR RAPE AND MURDER OF A CHILD IN CHATTOGRAM
GAZA: DEATH SENTENCE IMPOSED FOR MURDER
TAIWAN: COURT UPHOLDS DEATH PENALTY FOR ARSONIST
EGYPT: 15 EXECUTIONS IN FEBRUARY
INDIA: GUJARAT HIGH COURT SPARES TWO CHILD KILLERS THE GALLOWS
HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS CALL FOR EGYPT TO END DEATH PENALTY
BAHRAIN: MOSQUE IMAM MURDERER DEATH SENTENCE UPHELD
EGYPT: NINE MEN EXECUTED OVER PROSECUTOR'S DEATH
UZBEKISTAN URGED NOT TO HAND ETHNIC KAZAKH OVER TO CHINA
NIGERIA: TWO SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR ARMED ROBBERY
IRAN: THREE INMATES EXECUTED IN RAJA’I SHAHR AND ARDEBIL PRISONS
NIGERIA: COURT SENTENCES LAGOS NURTW CHAIRMAN TO DEATH BY HANGING
YEMEN: TWO MEN SHOT IN PUBLIC FOR KIDNAPING, RAPING AND MURDERING 12-YEAR-OLD BOY
MYANMAR: TWO SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR KILLING SUU KYI AIDE
WASHINGTON (USA): SENATE PASSES DEATH PENALTY REPEAL BILL
INDIA: COURT AWARDS DEATH PENALTY TO MAN FOR GIRLFRIEND MURDER
BANGLADESH: FOUR SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR MURDERING NURSERY SCHOOL STUDENT EMON IN SYLHET
IRAN: SECRET EXECUTIONS AT RAJAI SHAHR PRISON
TURKEY DEPORTS 28-YEAR-OLD EGYPTIAN WHO FACES DEATH PENALTY AT HOME
KENYA: COURT SENTENCES POLICE OFFICER TO DEATH FOR KILLING DETAINEE

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