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IRAN. HANDS OFF CAIN, REDUCTION OF DRUG EXECUTIONS BUT NUMBERS REMAIN WORRISOME

February 15, 2019:

Hands Off Cain, in the forty years of the Khomeini’s revolution, makes known the death penalty figures in Iran in 2018.
There are at least 277 executions carried out in 2018, of which 89 reported by official Iranian sources and 188 cases reported by unofficial sources. The actual number of executions is probably much higher than the data provided in the Hands Off Cain dossier. Data show a decrease in the number of executions compared to 2017 (at least 544). To affect this decline, the law on the reform of drug traffic regulations, which came into force on 14 November 2017. In 2018, drug executions have fallen to at least 23 compared to at least 257 in 2017.
The crimes that motivated the death sentences were, in terms of frequency: homicide, 195 executions (about 63%); moharebeh (to make war on God), "corruption on earth", robbery and extortion: 32 (about 10%); drug trafficking: 23 executions (about 7%); rape: 23 (about 7%); political crimes and "terrorism": 13 (4%); in at least 10 other cases (3%) the crimes for which the detainees were found guilty have not been specified.
Hanging is the preferred method by which Sharia is applied in Iran.
At least 13 people were hanged on the public square in 2018 according to the official news collected by Hands off Cain, a number much lower than the 36 reported in 2017.
At least 5 women were executed (compared to 12 in 2017). Two of them were underage at the time of the supposed crime. With those of 2018, the women executed under Rouhani presidency rose to 86.
The executions of minors continued in 2018.This places Iran in open violation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which has also ratified. At least 6 alleged minors at the time of the act were executed.
In 2018, at least 10 people were hanged for essentially political events. But it is likely that many others executed for common crimes were actually political opponents, in particular belonging to various Iranian ethnic minorities, including Azerbaijanis, Kurds, Baluchis and Ahwazi. Those arrested, accused of being mohareb, ie enemies of Allah, are usually subjected to a rapid and severe process that often ends up with the death penalty. In addition to death, the punishment for Moharebeh is the amputation of the right hand and left foot, according to the Iranian penal code.
There is not only the death penalty, according to the dictates of the Iranian Sharia, there are also torture, limb amputation, flogging and other cruel, inhuman and degrading punishments. These are not isolated cases, and they occur in open contrast to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights that Iran has ratified and which prohibits these practices. Every year thousands of minors suffer whipping for drinking alcohol or having participated in parties with males and females together or outraging the public modesty. The Iranian authorities consider the lashes an adequate punishment to combat behaviors considered immoral, and insist that they be performed in the public square as a "lesson for the beholder".
In 2018, according to information from the Observatory on Human Rights in Iran, over 110 people were sentenced to flogging, and 11 of these sentences were carried out.
Furthermore, at least one case of limb amputation has been reported. The Observatory also estimates that during the protest that exploded in the country in January 2018, 8,000 arbitrary arrests would have been carried out, at least 58 people were killed and 12 among the imprisoned demonstrators were killed while undergoing torture.

(Sources, HOC, 14/02/2019)

HUMAN RIGHTS: DEMONSTRATION OF THE RADICAL PARTY BEFORE IRANIAN EMBASSY 14 FEBRUARY
WASHINGTON (USA): SENATE PASSES DEATH PENALTY REPEAL BILL
INDIA: COURT AWARDS DEATH PENALTY TO MAN FOR GIRLFRIEND MURDER
BANGLADESH: FOUR SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR MURDERING NURSERY SCHOOL STUDENT EMON IN SYLHET
MYANMAR: TWO SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR KILLING SUU KYI AIDE
KENYA: COURT SENTENCES POLICE OFFICER TO DEATH FOR KILLING DETAINEE
IRAN: SECRET EXECUTIONS AT RAJAI SHAHR PRISON
TURKEY DEPORTS 28-YEAR-OLD EGYPTIAN WHO FACES DEATH PENALTY AT HOME
EGYPT: 3 MEN EXECUTED FOR KILLING POLICE OFFICER
PAKISTAN: ATC AWARDS DEATH SENTENCE TO TWO CRIMINALS FOR MURDER
KENYA: WOMAN, 5 RELATIVES TO HANG FOR KILLING HER HUSBAND
NIGERIA: COURT SENTENCES MAN TO DEATH FOR KILLING TWO SISTERS IN JIGAWA
IRAQ: 6 BROTHERS SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR JOINING ISLAMIC STATE
SAUDI ARABIA: MOTHER SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR KILLING GIRL
CHINA COURT PUTS CONVICTED MAN TO DEATH
SRI LANKA: DRUG PEDDLER SENTENCED TO DEATH
THE MAJORITY OF BELARUSIANS CONTINUE TO SUPPORT DEATH PENALTY (60%)
JORDAN: TWO SENTENCED TO HANG FOR IS-CLAIMED KARAK ATTACK
BOTSWANA: FOUR CONVICTED MURDERERS TO HANG
BAHRAIN: COURT GIVES DEATH PENALTY TO ACTIVIST, LIFE TERMS TO NEARLY TWO DOZEN OTHERS
NIGERIA: COURT SENTENCES THREE TO DEATH IN OSUN OVER DEATH OF UNDERGRADUATE
IRAN: PRISONER HANGED ON MURDER CHARGES AT TABRIZ CENTRAL PRISON
EGYPT: 3 EXECUTED FOR 2014 MURDER OF JUDGE’S SON
ALABAMA (USA): DOMINIQUE RAY EXECUTED
PHILIPPINES: DEATH PENALTY REMOVED FROM BILL AMENDING DANGEROUS DRUGS ACT
ZAMBIA: GUARD TO HANG FOR MURDER
PAKISTAN: SHC COMMUTES MURDERER’S DEATH SENTENCE TO LIFE IMPRISONMENT
JORDAN: COURT OF CASSATION UPHOLDS DEATH SENTENCE ON 27-YEAR-OLD WHO MURDERED HIS FRIEND
ZIMBABWE: GOVT REMOVES 34 FROM DEATH ROW TO LIFE IMPRISONMENT AS DEATH SENTENCE PHASES OUT
EGYPT: COURT REFERS PRELIMINARY DEATH SENTENCE FOR POLICEMAN CONVICTED OF MURDER TO GRAND MUFTI FOR REVIEW

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