executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: federal republic (formally a confederation)
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 1 January 2000; amended many times, last in 2018
legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts, except for federal decrees of a general obligatory character; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: bicameral Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung in German, Assemblée Fédérale in French, Assemblea Federale in Italian) consists of Council of States (Ständerat in German, Conseil des États in French, Consiglio degli Stati in Italian) and National Council (Nationalrat in German, Conseil National in French, Consiglio Nazionale in Italian)
judicial system: Federal Supreme Court (consists of 38 justices and 19 deputy justices organized into 7 divisions); Federal Criminal Court (established in 2004); Federal Administrative Court (established in 2007)
religion: Roman Catholic 34.4%, Protestant 22.5%, other Christian 5.7%, Muslim 5.4%, other 1.5%, none 29.4%, unspecified 1.1% (2020 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: