executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic; executive branch dominates government structure
state of civil and political rights: Partly free
constitution: 5 July 1991; amended many times
legal system: based on Spanish law; new Penal Code, modelled on US equivalent, recently introduced
legislative system: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (Senado) and the House of Representatives (Camara de Representantes)
judicial system: Supreme Court of Justice; Council of State ; Constitutional Court ; Superior Judicial Council
religion: 90% Catholic; other 10%
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



South America