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EXECUTIONS 2012
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MACEDONIA (Former Yugoslav Republic of) - Abolitionist

Government: parliamentary democracy
State of civil and political rights: Partly free
Constitution: 20 November 1991; amended many times, most recently in 2009
Legal System: based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts
Legislative System: Unicameral Assembly (Sobranje)
Judicial System: Supreme Court - the Assembly appoints the judges; Constitutional Court - the Assembly appoints the judges; Republican Judicial Council - the Assembly appoints the judges
Religion: Macedonian Orthodox 64.7%, Muslim 33.3%, other Christian 0.37%, other


International Treaties on the Death Penalty and Human Rights:
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
  • 1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant
  • Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child
  • Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
  • European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
  • 6th Protocol to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (concerning the abolition of the death penalty)
  • European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
  • Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, concerning the abolition of the death penalty in all circumstances (signed only)
  • Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty)


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