executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: semi-presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 8 December 1991; amended 2003
legal system: civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
legislative system: bicameral Parliament (Parlament) consists of Senate (Senat) and Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputatilor)
judicial system: High Court of Cassation and Justice (consists of 111 judges organized into civil, penal, commercial, contentious administrative and fiscal business, and joint sections); Supreme Constitutional Court (consists of 9 members); Courts of Appeal; regional tribunals; first instance courts; military and arbitration courts
religion: Romanian Orthodox 85.3%, Roman Catholic 4.5%, Reformed 3%, Pentecostal 2.5, other 4.7% (2021 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: