executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: republic- presidential democracy. note: a separation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the island began following the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified after the Turkish intervention in July 1974; Greek Cypriots control the only internationally recognized government; on 15 November 1983 Turkish Cypriot "President" Rauf DENKTASH declared independence and the formation of a "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC), which is recognized only by Turkey
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 16 August 1960. note: a new constitution for the "TRNC" passed by referendum on 5 May 1985
legal system: based on common law, with civil law modifications
legislative system: unicameral - area under government control: House of Representatives (Vouli Antiprosopon); area administered by Turkish Cypriots: Assembly of the Republic (Cumhuriyet Meclisi)
judicial system: Supreme Court (judges are appointed jointly by the president and vice president) note: there is also a Supreme Court in the area administered by Turkish Cypriots
religion: Orthodox Christian 89.1%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Protestant/Anglican 2%, Muslim 1.8%, Buddhist 1%, other
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences:
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty: