executions in the world:

In 2023


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch
state of civil and political rights: Not free
constitution: 18 May 1992. New constitution adopted 26 September 2008
legal system: based on civil law system and Islamic law
legislative system: unicameral parliament consists of National Assembly (Majlis)
judicial system: Supreme Court whose judges are appointed by the president
religion: Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:



Asia, Middle East, Australia and Oceania