executions in the world:

In 2024


2000 to present



  • Abolitionist
  • retentionist
  • De facto abolitionist
  • Moratorium on executions
  • Abolitionist for ordinary crimes
  • Committed to abolishing the death penalty


government: presidential republic
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 12 March 1990; amended 1998, 2010, 2014
legal system: mixed legal system of uncodified civil law based on Roman-Dutch law and customary law; has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration
legislative system: bicameral Parliament consists of National Council and National Assembly
judicial system: Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and at least 3 judges in quorum sessions); High Court; Electoral Court, Labor Court; regional and district magistrates' courts; community courts
religion: Christian 97.5%, other 0.6% (includes Muslim, Baha'i, Jewish, Buddhist), unaffiliated 1.9% (2020 est.)
death row:
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
executions: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (aiming to the abolition of the death penalty)

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment