government: Parliamentary democracy
state of civil and political rights: Free
constitution: 12 March 1968, amended 12 March 1992
legal system: based on French civil law system with elements of English common law in certain areas
legislative system: unicameral National Assembly
judicial system: Supreme Court
religion: 48% Hindu; 32% Christian; 16% Muslim, other
year of last executions: 0-0-0
death sentences: 0
international treaties on human rights and the death penalty:
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1st Optional Protocol to the Covenant
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Statute of the International Criminal Court (which excludes the death penalty)
Mauritius has been abolitionist since 1995 when the Death Penalty Act 1995 amended the Constitution to abolish the death penalty. No more death sentences were passed after 1995.
The last execution took place in 1987.
On December 19, 2016 Mauritius, as in 2014, 2012 and 2010, was absent during the vote on the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly. In 2008 and 2007, it co-sponsored and voted in favor.
On December 17, 2018, Mauritius voted in favour of the Resolution on a Moratorium on the Use of the Death Penalty at the UN General Assembly.