04 December 2017 :
A court reprieve that halted the scheduled December lethal injection of a Texas prisoner means 2017 will end with 23 inmates executed in the U.S., a figure that although up slightly from the previous year is 1/2 of what it was a decade ago. The year-end numbers also show that Texas will regain its standing as the nation's most active state in carrying out capital punishment. Texas inmate Juan Castillo, who had an August death date postponed because of Hurricane Harvey, was set for lethal injection Dec. 14 for a December 2003 robbery and fatal shooting in San Antonio. However, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, the state's highest criminal court, this past week sent the 36-year-old Castillo's appeal back to his trial court to review arguments from defense attorneys that a witness presented false testimony at Castillo's 2005 trial. Castillo's was the last execution scheduled for 2017 in the 31 states that impose the death penalty, according to statistics kept by the Death Penalty Information Center, a Washington-based group that opposes capital punishment. Texas put to death 7 prisoners this year, matching the state total from 2016. They were among the 23 inmates - up from 20 last year - put to death in 8 states in 2017. Arkansas carried out four executions, followed by Alabama and Florida with 3 each, and Ohio and Virginia with 2 each. Georgia, which topped the nation in 2016 with 9, executed 1 prisoner this year, as did Missouri. Oklahoma, which typically has one of the busiest execution chambers in the country, went another year without putting any inmates to death as the state struggles with implementing a new execution protocol. Oklahoma put all executions on hold 2 years ago after several mishaps, including a botched lethal injection in 2014 and drug mix-ups in 2015, and the state's attorney general's office has said it won't request any execution dates until at least 150 days after new protocols are released. Executions in the U.S. peaked in 1999, when 98 inmates were put to death. The following year, Texas alone carried out a record 40 executions. As recently as 2010, the national total was 46, but it has been declining steadily. The decline can be attributed to a dramatically lower homicide rate compared with the 1990s and greater selectivity in which defendants are sentenced to death, by both prosecutors and juries. At least 8 inmates - 5 from Texas and 1 each from Missouri, Alabama and Ohio - are set to die in the 1st quarter of 2018. The first, scheduled for Jan. 18 in Texas, is Anthony Allen Shore.