Executions in Iran in 2018

04 April 2019 :

At least 309 executions were carried out in Iran in 2018 according to Hands off Cain data as you can see at this link
With these executions, at least 3,597 prisoners have been executed in Iran since the beginning of Rouhani’s presidency (between  July 1, 2013 and December 31, 2017).

From July 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013, there were at least 444 executions; in 2014 there were at least 800 executions; at least 970 executions in 2015; at least 530 executions in 2016; at least 544 executions in 2017 and at least 309 in 2018.

While the number of executions is lower than previous years, the country continues to record the highest number of per capita executions in the world also in 2017.

In 2018, only 85 execution cases (27%) were reported by official Iranian sources (websites of the Iranian Judiciary, national Iranian broadcasting network, and official or State-run news agencies and newspapers); 224 other cases (73%) included in the annual numbers were reported by unofficial sources (other human rights NGOs or sources inside Iran). The actual number of executions is probably higher than the figures included in the Annual Report of Hands Off Cain.

The crimes that have motivated death sentences are divided as follows in terms of frequency: murder: 218 (about 71%), of which 36 announced by official sources; Moharebeh (waging war against God), "corruption on earth", armed robbery, and extortion: 34 (about 10%), including 29 officially reported; drug-related offences: 27 cases (about 8%), none reported by official Iranian sources; rape: 17 (about 5%), of which 14 announced by official media; political offences or “terrorism”: 13 (4%), including 6 officially reported. In at least a couple of cases, the crimes for which the convicts were found guilty remained unspecified.

Public executions by hanging continued into 2018. At least 13 people were hanged in public in 2018 according to official sources consulted by Hands off Cain, a lower number compared to 36 in 2017.

In 2018, executions of women have slightly increased: there were at least 5 (compared to 12 in 2017), of which 1 reported by official sources and all for murder. Two of them were juveniles at the moment of fact.

Executions of child offenders continued into 2018, in open violation of two international Treaties to which it is Party, the ICCPR and the CRC, both of which outlaw the execution of people who had committed their crimes when they were under the age of 18. At least 6 juvenile offenders were hanged in 2018, including 2 women and at least one case was  reported by official sources. All were executed for murder. sources (2 for murder, and 2 for drugs).

In 2018, at least 10 people could be considered hanged for political offences. But it is probable that many of the people put to death for ordinary crimes or for “terrorism,” are in fact political opponents, in particular members of Iran’s ethnic minorities, including: Iranian Azerbaijanis, Kurds, Baluchis, and Arabs. Accused of being Mohareb – enemies of Allah – those arrested are often subject to rapid and severe trials that often end with a sentence of death. The punishment for Moharebeh is death or amputation of the right hand and left foot, according to the Iranian Penal Code.